On August 10, but one hundred years ago in 1923, the internationally renowned Spanish painter Joaquín Sorolla, known as the Master of Light and Spanish Impressionism, passed away. A prolific artist, with over two thousand cataloged works, he is one of the great masters of Spanish art as a whole.
1557.- Battle of San Quentin, in which Spanish troops defeated the French and in memory of which Felipe II ordered the construction of the Monastery of El Escorial.
1678.- The Peace of Nijmegen ended the war that Louis XIV of France had waged against Spain, the Netherlands, the German states and Denmark.
1759.- Carlos III is proclaimed King of Spain after the death of Fernando VI.
1792.- French Revolution: Constitution of the Paris Commune. “Sans-culottes” take the Tuileries. The monarchy falls.
1793.- The French Convention decides to create a “Museum of the Republic” at the Grande Galerie du Louvre on the banks of the Seine, where the royal collections are made available to the public.
1809.- The first call for independence of Ecuador.
1819.- Bolivar triumphantly entered Bogotá with his troops.
1836.- Decree establishing the “Colorado” and “Blanco” parties in Uruguay.
1897.- German researcher Felix Hoffmann, the discoverer of acetylsalicylic acid, registered the product, a basic ingredient of the analgesics later known as aspirin.
1903.- 84 people died in an accident in the Paris Metro.
1906.- Pius X publishes the encyclical “Gravisimi officie” against the law of separation of church and state in France.
1913.- Signing of the Treaty in Bucharest that ends the war in the Balkans.
1920 – The Treaty of Sevres was signed between Turkey and the Allies. The Ottoman Empire lost four-fifths of its territory.
1927.- Indian rebellion in Bolivia, which spread to Chayanta, Cochabamba and Potosi provinces.
1939.- World premiere of Victor Fleming’s musical “The Wizard of Oz” in the state of Wisconsin (USA) starring Judy Garland.
1952.- The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was inaugurated in Luxembourg.
1964.- Publication of Pope Paul VI’s first encyclical, “Ecclesiam Suam”, on the Catholic Church’s desire for dialogue with other non-Christian churches.
1984.- Social Christian Leon Fabres Cordero takes office as President of Ecuador.
1986. – Assassinated Indian General Arun Vaida, who led the massacre of, according to various sources, 600 to 1,000 Sikhs at Amritsar’s Golden Temple in 1984.
1994.- The Dominican President, Joaquín Balaguer, and the Leader of the Opposition, José Francisco Peña Gómez, sign the Accord of Democracy to resolve the political crisis.
1996.- Abdala Bucaram was sworn in as the President of Ecuador.
1998.- Al-Muhtadi Billah was declared the Prince of Brunei Sultanate.
2004.- Chile’s Supreme Court rejects the reopening of the process of the 1976 assassination of Spanish diplomat Carmelo Soria.
2005.- Former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet takes “full responsibility” for his secret accounts abroad and the origin of his fortune.
2018.- Colombia left the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) for being an “ally of the Venezuelan dictatorship”.
2019.- American millionaire Jeffrey Epstein, accused of sexual abuse and exploitation of minors, was found hanged in his cell at a federal prison in New York.
2020.- On August 4, the entire Lebanese government resigns after an explosion at a warehouse in the port of Beirut kills at least 202 people.
– The Mexican police captured Hector Rodolfo “N”, the leader of the Rodolfos criminal group and one of the main generators of violence in the country’s capital.
2021.- New York Governor Andrew Cuomo resigns after admitting that he committed sexual assault against a woman who worked in his office.
1810.- Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Italian politician.
1821 – Octave Feuillet, French writer.
1823.- Antonio Gonsalves Dias, Brazilian poet.
1883.- Carlos Lavin Acevedo, Chilean musician and composer.
1909 – Mohammed V, King of Morocco.
1912.- Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer.
1923 – Rhonda Fleming, American actress.
1928 – Eddie Fisher, American singer and producer.
1951 – Juan Manuel Santos, former President of Colombia.
1952 – José Ramón Ripoll, Spanish poet.
1959 – Rosanna Arquette, American actress.
1960 – Antonio Banderas, Spanish actor.
1997.- Kylie Jenner, “influencer” and American model.
1759 – Ferdinand VI, King of Spain.
1814.- Henry Nestlé, German businessman who founded the chocolate company.
1904 – Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French politician.
(1945-Robert H Goddard American pioneer of space science.
1988.- Arnulfo Arias, Panamanian politician.
1995.- Luis Procuna, Mexican bullfighter.
1997.- Jean-Claude Lauzon, Canadian film producer.
2003.- Jacques Dere, French filmmaker.
2008.- Isaac Hayes, American singer-songwriter.
2010 – Armando Robles Godoy, Peruvian filmmaker.
2021.- Maki Kaji, Japanese publicist known as the “godfather of Sudoku”. efe