Between 2010 and 2017 -That is, in 8 years- Alcohol consumption caused approximately 14,927 deaths in Spain, of which 58.6% were premature (that is, they occurred before the age of 75). This is inferred from a recent article published in the journal addictions, edited by Socidrogalcohol. In our country, 6% of the population suffers from alcohol use disorder, that is, risky or harmful consumption, more common among men and the young population, one third of whom (between 15 and 18 years) does it in a “binge”, he for his part remembers Spanish Foundation of the Digestive System (FEAD).
Sosidrogalcohol according to studyThe age-standardized alcohol-related mortality rate was 39.4 per 100,000 inhabitants in that period (2010/2017), which is 3.9% of the general mortality rate. Two out of every three die were high-risk drinkers, The most common causes of death are related to were consumed cancer (43.8%) and digestive diseases (32.9%).
If we talk about liver disease Spanish Foundation of the Digestive System (FEAD) Remember: This is especially increased in people who suffer from alcohol use disorder, i.e. risky or harmful consumption. It represents 6% of the Spanish population and is more common in men and young populations. 20% of men suffer from this disorder have or will have liver diseaseexplains Dr. Joaquin Cabezas, Hepatologist
70% of cirrhosis cases in men and 56% of cirrhosis cases in women are caused by alcohol use disorder.
one of the chronic liver diseases What can develop from this disorder is cirrhosis: 70% of cases in men and 56% of cases in women who suffer from cirrhosis are caused by this disorder. Alcohol is a toxic substance for the entire body, especially the liver. Due to its excessive consumption, fat starts accumulating in the liver and continuation of this consumption Fat causes this organ to swell, causing fibrosis, which can cause due to liver disease Liquor,
but wine It does not specifically affect the liver, It also acts on the central nervous system, altering behavior and producing tolerance, which can sometimes lead to dependence, that is, “it can lead to addiction,” he explains, Francisco Pascual, The president of Socidrogalcohol in the FEAD campaign focused on the effects of this substance.
alcohol related deaths It is 3.5 times more likely in men Which is indicated by sosidrogalcohol studies in women. Access to treatment is also greater among men, which does not mean that there are no women with alcohol problems, it is just that they often take longer to ask for help and later access this therapy, explains the expert. On many occasions, they have to suffer due to double social stigma Access barrier.
Furthermore, according to research, The average annual mortality rate associated with alcohol consumption has decreased by 8% Compared to the period analyzed above, which corresponds to 2001 and 2009. According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, this also happens in other European countries. According to the conclusion of Author of scientific article Treatment may also be due to refinement and scope issues. Solid economic and social.
For example, liver cirrhosis can be caused by alcohol and other agents such as hepatitis C virus, so the introduction of effective treatments against this virus starting in 2014 may have contributed to this. Reduction in deaths due to alcohol (MAA) due to digestive diseases. However, most There was a decrease in these deaths The signatories say this is likely due to a decline in per capita alcohol consumption, which is influenced by a number of factors.
Among high-risk drinkers, some have mental disorders such as depression or anxiety that require specific treatment. Improving access to treatment for these people is essential to reduce the risk of death, Socidrogalcohol underlines.
On the occasion of Alcohol-Free Day, celebrated every 15 November, this scientific society emphasizes: Public policies should be aimed at prevention from an early age And, highlights, there are interferences what has been shown great effectivenessSuch as limits on advertising and sponsorship, restrictions on access to alcohol, consumption controls at the time of driving or measures such as Educational and Motivational for Women pregnant and minor.