Health

Confirmed the second death from monkeypox in Argentina

Monkeypox or Mpox is a disease caused by a virus.  It can be transmitted between humans during sexual intercourse or by any other type of skin-to-skin contact if one person has the infection/File
Monkeypox or Mpox is a disease caused by a virus. It can be transmitted between humans during sexual intercourse or by any other type of skin-to-skin contact if one person has the infection/File

While the pandemic for him coronavirus continues, the epidemic outbreak by the monkey pox either Mpox It also affected people in Argentina. Since last May, 1,025 cases have been confirmed in the country, and days ago the second death from Mpox was registered. The two patients who died in the country had previous risk factors.

Monkeypox, Mpox or monkeypox is a disease caused by a virus. It is transmitted from animals to humans or from an infected person to another through the physical contact skin to skin. Your period of incubation It is usually 6-13 days, but can range from 5-21 days.

In Argentina, as reported in the latest epidemiological bulletin of the National Ministry of Health, the cases of people diagnosed with Mpox have been decreasing in recent months.

As of January 4, 1,025 cases had been confirmed. The average number of confirmed cases in the last four weeks was 12.75 cases. In the first week of last December, a maximum of 19 cases were registered. In contrast, in the last week of December, only 4 cases were reported.

In Argentina the second death by Mpox was registered.  During 2022, the first outbreak of this disease occurred in the country.  There were cases in different regions of the world / NIAID
In Argentina the second death by Mpox was registered. During 2022, the first outbreak of this disease occurred in the country. There were cases in different regions of the world / NIAID

From the 1970s onward, Monkeypox virus infection was restricted mainly to parts of Africa. But there had been some outbreaks in other regions. In 2022, on the other hand, there was a greater circulation of the virus outside of Africa.

This led the World Health Organization last July to declare the Mpox infection as “public health emergency of international concern”. Worldwide, during 2022, 84,471 cases of Mpox were confirmed. They occurred in 103 countries that had previously had no cases.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were 75 deaths from Mpox in the past year worldwide. In the United States, 20 deaths from the infection occurred. There were also 14 deaths in Brazil, 8 in Peru, 4 in Mexico, 3 in Spain, 2 in Ecuador and 2 in Chile.

The symptoms of Mpox are lesions on the skin or mucous membranes, fever and swollen glands / File
The symptoms of Mpox are lesions on the skin or mucous membranes, fever and swollen glands / File

Regarding the drop in cases in Argentina, the latest epidemiological bulletin indicated that “for the eleventh consecutive week a lower number of cases is registered than in the week in which the peak was recorded.”

The peak of Mpox cases occurred in the second week of October. Then, there was “a sustained downward trend.” The first fatality for the Monkeypox virus was a 44-year-old man with risk factors. He had a diagnosis of HIV-AIDS infection without treatment. His death occurred on November 22. The man lived in the province of Buenos Aires, but had been treated at a hospital in the city of Buenos Aires.

Regarding the second death, the details of the case were not disclosed.

The average age of people with the infection is 35 years. But from May to January the disease has been detected in a baby under 1 year of age and in a person who was 78 years old. 98.14% of the cases correspond to persons of the legal male sex (19 correspond to the legal female sex, 4 of the trans gender and 15 of the cis gender).

These are the stages of skin lesions in people affected by Mpox/Marcelo Regalado
These are the stages of skin lesions in people affected by Mpox/Marcelo Regalado

Although the infection has already been confirmed in people from 16 of the 24 jurisdictions of Argentina, cases are still concentrated in the Central region. Mainly, the people affected reside in large urban conglomerates: 66% of the confirmed cases were registered in residents of the City of Buenos Aires. Together with the provinces of Buenos Aires and Córdoba, they concentrate 95% of the cases.

“So far, the most affected population continues to be that made up of men who have sex with other men and with a history of sexual relations with multiple sexual partners,” said the bulletin of epidemiology experts from the Health portfolio, in charge of Carla Vizzotti.

Among the most frequent symptoms, people have lesions with vesicles in different areas of the body, including the genitals, perianals, hands, torso, and face. They also have fever and swollen glands.

98.14% of the cases correspond to persons of the legal male sex and 19 of the legal female sex (4 transgender women and 15 cis gender women).

The population most affected by the Mpox outbreak is that of men who have sex with other men and with a history of sexual relations with multiple sexual partners/File
The population most affected by the Mpox outbreak is that of men who have sex with other men and with a history of sexual relations with multiple sexual partners/File

The disease is often self-limiting, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously within 14 to 21 days.

The virus is transmitted by close physical person-to-person contact (eg, face-to-face, skin-to-skin, mouth-to-mouth, mouth-to-skin), including sexual contact. When a person has a greater number of sexual partners, the risk of being exposed to the virus increases.

Transmission of the Monkeypox virus during sexual intercourse can occur even if there is no penetration or a condom is used. “Although the condom is very effective in preventing HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, its role in preventing the transmission of monkeypox is very limited,” the Health portfolio clarified.

Currently, the best way to prevent is to avoid skin-to-skin contact with people who are infected or who have symptoms such as fever, malaise, or skin lesions.

Keep reading:

Monkeypox was diagnosed for the first time in a child in Argentina
Monkeypox: what is known about five drugs that have been proposed to control it
Why today the effects of the use of plastics on human health in the world are worrisome

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