Many people have diabetes and are unaware of it. It is estimated that 30 percent of patients are not diagnosed. A early detection of disease It is important to avoid potentially serious complications, such as myocardial infarction, stroke or kidney failure. Some symptoms are related to the skin, such as dryness, itching or the appearance of small pimples.
Webinar organized by ISFOS Training Institute on the occasion of world diabetes day He emphasized these dermatological signs that could indicate possible diabetes, a disease that affects five million adults in Spain. Far from being contained, this figure has increased by more than 40 percent compared to five years ago and everything indicates that it will continue to rise.
“Diabetes is a very common disease, with typical symptoms such as eating more than usual (polyphagia), passing excessive amounts of urine (polyuria), drinking too much water (polydipsia) or weight changes. But beyond these symptoms it is true may manifest through other organsAnd one of them is skin,” the dermatologist explained on Tuesday. salvador arias santiagoHead of the Dermatology Service at the Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital in Granada.
The expert isolated some diseases that can often be associated with diabetes, such as diabetic dermopathy Wave lipoid necrobiosis, Apart from the skin, secondary changes also occur in it. These are, for example, skin drynessItching, presence of small pimples, follicular hyperkeratosis or increased risk of fungal or bacterial infection.
These skin changes are the most common: up to a third of people with diabetes have skin problems such as xerosis (dryness) or itching. The problem is that, because they are more non-specific, their potential association with diabetes may be overlooked. Therefore, “in the face of this type of symptomatology it is important to rule out that we are talking about underlying diabetes.”
care and prevention
Attendees of the webinar, which is part of the campaignin the nurse’s skin‘Initiated by General Council of Nursing and Seravy, highlights the specific care required for this symptomatology. The nurse warned, “If we don’t take good care of a diabetic patient’s xerosis or small ulcers, these can develop in the diabetic foot and become very serious, even leading to amputation of a finger.” “Can end up together.” Justo Rueda LopezFrom CAP Terrassa Nord in Barcelona.
For this nurse, “It is essential that in consultation we ask our patients if they have skin changes such as itching or pruritus because they can be indicators of a pathology such as diabetes. In the case of itching, we know that it is one of the first symptoms that appears in these patients.
Similarly, he emphasized the concept of diabetes, that is, the relationship that exists between diabetes and obesity: “Recent studies show that 7 percent of the adult population of working age has diabetes, Obesity in diabetes also represents an additional problem from a dermatological point of view because people are more prone to skin infections such as impetigo, fungal infections, candidiasis in the folds… Nursing allows us to make additional efforts in prevention to reduce this rate. Efforts should be made to re-educate the population on issues related to obesity and diet, control of overweight and high blood sugar levels.
mercedes abarcaro cerezoThe pharmacist and head of scientific communications at CeraVe also noted its potential use of ceramides When caring for the skin of diabetic patients, these types of changes usually result in dryness: “Products containing ceramides have demonstrated their effectiveness in the care of these skin types, helping to restore barrier function and prevent complications. Helps prevent or reduce major comorbidities. Hygiene and hydration should be part of the recommendations given in counseling these patients.