On October 17, 1933, Albert Einstein escaped from Nazi Germany and arrived in the United States as a refugee.
1815.- Napoleon arrives in exile on the island of Saint Helena.
1829.- Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil, institutes the Chivalric Order of the Rose.
LOOK: Xi Jinping’s warning about Taiwan and other keys from his speech at the Congress of the Communist Party of China
1888.- Thomas Edison patents the optical phonograph (the first film).
1899.- The civil war called the “Thousand Days” begins in Colombiaending on November 21, 1902.
1910.- Fifth and last day of the Five Days hurricane in Cuba, that kills about 700 people and in Havana breaks the boardwalk.
1931.- Al Capone is found guilty by a jury in the US and on October 24 he is sentenced to eleven years in prison for tax evasion.
1951.- The transmissions of the first television channel in Argentina: Channel 7.
1956.- “The game of the century” of chess between Donald Byrne and Bobby Fischer.
1966.- An earthquake devastates the coast of Peru and causes 101 deathsmore than 1,500 injured and serious material damage.
1969.- Bolivia nationalizes the American company Gulf Oil.
1979.- Teresa of Calcutta, Nobel Peace Prize.
1981.- First world championship for the Brazilian driver Nelson Picket.
1989.- An earthquake of magnitude 7.1 on the Richter scale shakes Northern California and causes 70 deaths, 3,000 injuries and material damage of billions.
1994.- Peace Treaty between Israel and Jordan due to territorial disputes and which was ratified on October 26 with the presence of Bill Clinton.
2001.- Rechabam Zehevi, Israeli Tourism Minister, assassinated by Palestinian extremists.
2003.- Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, president of Bolivia, resigns after a month of protests in which more than 70 people died.
2004.- The “Destruction Shooting Law” comes into force in Brazil by which planes flying over Brazilian territory without identifying themselves can be shot down.
2014.- Argentina launches its first telecommunications satellite.
2016.- The Chinese ship Shenzhou-11 takes off with two astronauts on board to spend 33 days in the Tiangong-2 space laboratory.
2017.- A Hawaii judge blocks the third immigration veto of US President Donald Trump as discriminatory.
2018.- A student kills 19 people in a Crimean instituteRussia and then commits suicide.
2019.- The EU and the United Kingdom reach an agreement on “Brexit”.
– Cuban classical dancer Alicia Alonso diesat 98 years old.
2020.- Jacinda Ardern, Prime Minister of New Zealand, revalidates the position after winning the elections with an absolute majority.
1797.- Juan Lavalle, outstanding soldier in the war of independence of Argentina.
1878.- Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y FalcóXVII Duke of Alba.
1909.- Leopoldo PaneroSpanish poet.
1912.- Pope John Paul I (Albino Luciani).
1915.- Arthur MillerAmerican playwright.
1916.- Jose Lopez RegaArgentine politician, co-founder of Peronism.
1918.- Rita HayworthAmerican actress.
1920.- Miguel DelibesSpanish writer and journalist.
-Montgomery CliftAmerican actor.
1944.- Angel Christtamer and circus businessman.
1947.- Manuel Pérez BarriopedroSpanish photographer.
1968.- Ziggy MarleyJamaican musician, son of Bob Marley.
1972.- EminemAmerican rap singer.
1979.- Kimi Räikkönen, Finnish F-1 driver.
1983.- Felicity JonesBritish actress.
1757.- Rene ReaumurFrench physicist.
1849.- Frederic ChopinPolish composer.
1934.- Santiago Ramón y CajalSpanish physician, Nobel laureate.
1944.- Pavel HaasCzech composer.
2005.- Ba JinChinese writer.
2009.- Rosanna SchiaffinoItalian actress.
2016.- Elena SantonjaSpanish presenter, painter and actress.
2017.- Danielle DarrieuxFrench actress.
2018.- Ara GülerTurkish photojournalist.
2019.- Alicia AlonsoCuban dancer and choreographer.
2020.- Doreen MontalvoAmerican actress.