The Basque Country, Aragon and Extremadura are the autonomous communities with the highest ratio of cardiologists per inhabitants.
Aragon, Extremadura and the Basque Country are the three autonomous communities that have the largest number of cardiologists in their health services. Basque Country has eight specialized professionals per 100,000 inhabitants, while the Extremadura and Aragonese systems have 7.1 and 7.2 cardiologists per 100,000 inhabitants, respectively.
A recurring trend in terms of hospital beds available in Cardiology, since the three are communities with the most beds in the specialty among the Spanish regions. However, the Top-3 changes. In this case, the ranking is made up of the Principality of Asturias, Basque Country and Cantabria, in that order. Asturians have 18.4 cardiology beds for every 100,000 inhabitants, while the Basques and Cantabrians have 14.3 and 14 beds, respectively.
Although those three are the territories most gifted as for beds in the Cardiology Service, Aragón and Extremadura follow closely, since both regions have 12.4 and 12.8 beds per 100,000 inhabitants. They are, therefore, two of the autonomous communities that more have reinforced the Service of Cardiology.
These are data collected in the study ‘Resources and Quality in Cardiology’, which highlights, among other issues, the disparity of situations that currently occurs in the health systems of Spanish communities.
The Spanish Society of Cardiology (SEC) recommend having 10.2 beds in the specialty for every 100,000 inhabitants. A margin that La Rioja, Navarra, Madrid, Galicia, the Valencian Community, Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, Castilla y León and Andalusia do not meet. The latter two are also at the bottom, with 4.6 and 4.3 beds in Cardiology for every 100,000 inhabitants.
Hospital stay relationship – mortality rate
Another of the sections where there is also a difference to take into account is in the days of average stay admitted that occurs after heart surgery. The Canary Islands is the ‘worst’ community in this area, since patients tend to be, on average, about 20 days admitted after the operation. Five fewer days are usually in Andalusia and Extremadura, the next two regions that report the worst data.
In addition, these autonomous communities are the ones that higher death rate have when it comes to cardiac surgeries. The crude mortality rate in the Canary Islands is 9.2. Two points higher than that of the next region, which is Extremadura with a rate of 7.2. Then there is Andalusia, with 6.6.
On the other side of the scale are Asturias, the Balearic Islands and Murcia, with an average admission stay of 10.5, 11 and 12 days, respectively. In turn, Asturias and the Balearic Islands, together with Navarra, are the regions that report the lowest mortality rate after cardiac surgeries. Rates of 0.8, 1.7 and 1.8. Data showing the differences between the autonomous communities when it comes to strengthen their health systems and care.
The exceptionality of La Rioja
The community of La Rioja is an exception in the State as a whole in terms of the hospital indicators of the heart disease and heart failure. On the one hand, the records of La Rioja set at 79 the income that the region has per year per 100,000 inhabitants in terms of heart disease. Figures that decrease at 46 admissions, in relation to heart failure.
The numbers of La Rioja readmissions also mark the Spanish minimum figure. With 3.8 percent and 4.2 percent in diseases and heart failure, the autonomous community is the one that gives the highest discharges without having to re-admit these patients, before the 30-day period from leaving Hospital.
numbers that Contrast with other communities autonomous, since in the rest of the State the income per 100,000 inhabitants in heart disease does not fall below 500, and of 166 in admissions for heart failure. In addition, readmissions for heart disease are greater than 4.5 percent, almost one percentage point higher than La Rioja. The same trend in readmissions for heart failure, since in the rest of the state these readmissions do not drop below 6.5 percent.
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