The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck that produces hormones that control how the body uses energy, according to Medline Plus from the US National Library of Medicine.
In addition, he explained that these hormones affect almost all organs and control many of the most important functions, such as affecting breathing, heart rate, weight, digestion and moods.
However, there are some thyroid problems such as:
- goiter: Thyroid enlargement.
- Hyperthyroidism: When the thyroid gland makes more thyroid hormone than your body needs.
- Hypothyroidism: When the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
That said, if you have a thyroid problem, the Portuguese health, nutrition and wellness portal ‘Tua Saúde’ revealed that the foods that a person suffering from thyroid should not eat are:
1. Soy and derivatives such as soy milk, tempeh or tofu.
2. Cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower, cabbage, turnips, radishes, broccoli, cabbage, or Brussels sprouts.
3. Industrialized foods such as smoked meats, sauces or snacks.
4. Refined flour and sugar is found in sweet foods, such as cakes, candies, and refined flour.
For his part, Doctor Leonardo Rojas, Endocrinologist MSC Molecular Oncology at the San Ignacio University Hospital, pointed out that to take care of the thyroid one must lead a healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet with an adequate amount of iodine and perform routine examinations of the thyroid in case of family history or suspicions, accompanied by palpation performed by the general practitioner.
Regarding healthy eating, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), this includes the following:
- At least 400 g (that is, five servings) of fruits and vegetables a day, except potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava and other starchy tubers.
- Less than 10% of total caloric intake from free sugars, which is equivalent to 50 grams (or about 12 level teaspoons) for a person of healthy body weight consuming approximately 2,000 calories per day, although less than 5% of intake is ideal for additional health benefits total caloric. Free sugars are all those added to food or beverages by manufacturers, cooks or consumers, as well as sugars naturally present in honey, syrups and fruit juices and concentrates.
- Less than 30% of daily caloric intake from fat. The unsaturated (present in fish, avocados, nuts and sunflower, soybean, canola and olive oils) are preferable to the saturated (present in fatty meat, butter, palm and coconut oil, cream , cheese, clarified butter and lard), and trans fats of all types, particularly those produced industrially (present in frozen pizzas, pies, cookies, cakes, wafers, cooking oils and spreads) and from ruminants (present in the meat and dairy products of ruminants such as cows, sheep, goats and camels). The WHO suggested reducing saturated fat intake to less than 10% of total calorie intake, and trans fat intake to less than 1%. In particular, industrially produced trans fats are not part of a healthy diet and should be avoided.
- Less than five grams of salt (about a teaspoon) a day. The salt should be iodized.
In any case, the information given above in no way replaces medical advice and therefore the first thing to do is consult a health expert so that he or she can guide the process and indicate what is most appropriate for each person. .