Fabulous Official College of Physicians of Madrid (ICOMEM) alarmed to be alarmed increase in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) In Spain, especially with a clear increase in the incidence of gonococcal infections, syphilis and chlamydia among youth aged 15 to 19 years and among men who have sex with men (MSM).
This is indicated in a report prepared by Scientific Committee on COVID and Emerging Pathogens To collect information on the current epidemiological situation and to update the diagnosis and treatment of the most prevalent diseases. from them, hiv infection in spain, In 81.7% of new diagnoses and monkeypox (mpox), the route of transmission is sexual.
According to the data collected therein, 7,541 cases of mpox have been diagnosed in 17 autonomous communities in Spain as of March 1, of which 98% are matched males with an average age of 37 years.
in addition genital infection by chlamydia trachomatis Recent years have seen a steady rise in its incidence, and even more 40% of cases occur in minors under 25 years of age.
For this genital herpes (HSV), It affects 10–15% of the adult population, while Spain has 30.81 cases of syphilis per 100,000 inhabitants between the ages of 20 and 24.
Experts point out in the document that one of the main reasons is drug use for PrEP (HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis). it’s such a treat Decreased chances of getting HIV infection in uninfected patients.
Although its effectiveness in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV has been estimated about 99%, The report highlights that its use can provide comfort to patients regarding the use of contraceptive barrier methods such as condoms. In developed countries, particularly over the past 10 years, they report that a steady increase in bacterial STIs has been detected among PrEP users.
Within this framework, the report concludes on the need to target prevention campaigns at high-risk groups and emphasizes that STIs are also a problem in the pediatric population, and indicate cases of sexual abuse in this group. can give.