Valencia (EP). One in four people aged 15 or over in the Valencian Community suffer from pain or discomfort that affects their quality of lifeAccording to the results of the Health Survey 2022 of the Valencian Community, which has been made public by the Ministry of Health.
The survey data collection was conducted between May and December 2022. A total of 9,797 interviews were conducted with people aged 15 or older and 1,591 interviews were conducted with people under the age of 15.Generalitat said in a statement.
Among the main results of this survey, which is carried out periodically, it emerges that 78% of the adult population of the Valencian Community have a positive assessment of their health situation. Specifically, by gender, 81.3% were men and 74.7% were women.
Since 2005, growth of the population aged 15 and above The favorable assessment shows that their health condition is improvingIn both men and women, although the perception of good health is always better among them.
This positive growth has occurred in all age groups, especially between the ages of 65 and 74, where the increase reaches 15.8 percentage points, as well as between 75 and 84, which is 11.3 points.
On the other hand, according to the survey results, Living longer is associated with less suffering from chronic or long-term diseases And this opinion increases with age, reaching 76% of people aged 65 and older in the Valencian Community.
increased cardiovascular risk factors
it is noted Increase in main metabolic cardiovascular risk factors: High blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. However, there is a tendency for some osteoarticular problems to decline: osteoarthritis, lumbar and cervical back pain, which, on the other hand, is predominant in women.
Severe functional limitations increase significantly with age, especially after age 75, reaching 13% of this population group.
Health-related quality of life has been developing positively and continuously since 2005, increasing from an average score of 72.6 out of 100 in 2005 to 77.4 in 2022.
Regarding the dimension that most affects the quality of life, The presence of pain/discomfort affects one in four people 15 years of age or older and a higher proportion of females than males.
In the minor and adolescent population, opinions on health-related quality of life are high, averaging 87.7 points out of 100, with no difference by gender.
there is also As age increases, the need for assistance and social care at home increases and particularly among women, reaching 25% of people aged 85 and over who need it, primarily for help with household tasks, for personal hygiene and care, and for telecare services.
overweight and obesity
Excess weight, including both overweight and obesity, remains one of the main public health problems, despite a slight reduction observed since 2010. It affects 30% of the child and youth population (2 to 17 years) With higher prevalence in males (32.8% boys compared to 26.1% girls).
While the difference in overweight is not significant (15.7% boys and 16.5% girls), the difference in obesity is significant (17.1% boys and 9.6% girls).
In people aged 18 and over, 34.5% are overweight and 13.3% are obeseMaintaining similar patterns of male predominance in the child and adolescent population (41.9% overweight and 14.2% obese in males compared to 27.4% overweight and 12.5% obese in females).
Overweight presents clear inequalities in health, with greater negative impacts on people from more deprived social strata and lower educational levels.
Survey Adherence to the Mediterranean diet assessed for the first time, Among the adult population (=15 years) 85.1% follow eating patterns consistent with the recommendations of the Mediterranean diet, this is higher among women (87.5% compared to 82.7% men).
The group with the lowest adherence is 15-24 years old (74% of women and 67.3% of men, but this improves with age, so that, among people aged over 64, 9 in 10 follow a diet based on the recommendations of the Mediterranean diet.
Regarding child population, 54.8% would have to be reformed to adjust to the Mediterranean modelHighlighting the 10-14 year old group as most sensitive to reform.
Prevalence in people aged 15 to 69 Those with low levels of weekly physical activity and which do not meet World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations are 25.9%.In the case of women it is even worse.
In leisure time, they are more physically inactive than men, with their prevalence remaining stable over time (35.7% in 2010 and 35.5% in 2022), in contrast to men whose development has temporarily deteriorated. (from 26% to 29.8% in the same period).
On the contrary, the development in people under 15 years of age has been favorable, although it is worth highlighting the differences between the sexes with regard to physical inactivity in leisure time in this group (13.5% of boys and 24.4% of girls). The biggest difference is between.