Diabetes mellitus is a long-term disease that affects the quality of life of patients. The main complications of the chronic order are retinopathy, which is characterized by a decline in visual ability, nephropathy, which can damage the kidneys, and neuropathy, which is a disease that affects the normal activity of the nerves.
And, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is considered a chronic disease, the main symptom of which is the lack of insulin production by the pancreas, as a result of the above, hyperglycemia, which is defined as an increase. In blood sugar.
Among the risk factors for developing the disease, medical evidence warns that hypertension, dyslipidemia and smoking; Apart from this, other changes may also occur in some organs.
For example, there are a number of skin disorders that are associated with the presence of diabetes mellitus. The most visible changes are in skin thickness and skin innervation. Apart from this, development of lesions or vesicles on the skin, dental caries, oral candidiasis, burning mouth syndrome, enlarged salivary glands, change in taste.
According to the analysis carried out by High Cost Account, within the framework of insurance in Colombia, there have been 1,860,370* cases of diabetes as of August 31, 2023. During the period between July 1, 2021, and June 30, 2022, there were 1,599,368 diagnosed cases. Of these, 78.49% corresponded to type 2 diabetes and 16.94% corresponded to type 1 diabetes.
For Elizabeth Guerin, head of Precursor Disease at New EPS, a healthy diet and monitoring diabetes is the way to maintain quality of life.
“This is an opportunity to tell the community that the secret is in eating a healthy diet, because this allows us to provide our body with the necessary amounts and thus avoid falling into imbalances that lead to diseases,” he explained. .
Guerin said that, if diabetes is not monitored or managed, there is a risk of blindness, amputation of body parts and failure of organs such as the kidneys and heart.
“This disease is specifically monitored in New EPS, which is why invitations are made from time to time to participate in investigations and thus be able to identify and initiate a management plan,” he said. is done.”
For his part, John Edgar Vargas, an intern at Los Comuneros University Hospital, part of the New EPS Provider Network, provided the ABCs of this disease.
1. How to avoid diabetes?
To avoid this disease, the most important thing is to control your weight. In short, it will be important to incorporate physical activity guided by a professional, thus reducing the chances of developing the disease. Similarly, be careful in eating and drinking.
2. How many types of diabetes are there?
According to the American Diabetes Association, there are 3 types and they are related to insulin. Type I where there is no production and blood sugar levels increase. Type II refers to resistance, that is, the tissues can receive the hormone and cannot process it adequately. Finally, gestational, which develops in women during pregnancy, where higher levels of insulin production will be required.
3. Let’s talk specifically about gestational diabetes, what symptoms are observed in mothers with this pathology?
To determine gestational diabetes, even in pregnant women, it may be asymptomatic. That is why it is the job of the health professional to carry out a series of regular examinations. Some symptoms relate to increased thirst, hunger and an increased urge to urinate.
4. Dr. John, are there any risk factors if there is a family history of diabetes?
Actually, risk factor refers to the tendency to suffer from a certain disease. When my parents or siblings have diabetes, what should be done is a comprehensive intervention that includes physical activity and weight loss.
5. Finally, what symptoms does a person with diabetes experience?
There are also other indirect symptoms like excessive thirst, frequent urination and increased food intake and weakness, lack of strength, which may be due to other diseases, but require strict monitoring.
New EPS Associates