For a quick and effective response to incidents of low blood sugar levels, the Hospital Escuela de Agudos provides information on the different types of diabetes, Who are at high risk of hypoglycemia, what are the symptoms and how to act in these cases. Emphasize that education of both patients and their environment is essential to guarantee their well-being.
In this context, Dr. Elizabeth Méndez, diabetes specialist at Hospital Escuela, explained the types of diabetes: “Diabetes is a highly prevalent chronic disease and is generally related to overweight and obesity.And in many cases, with other chronic diseases such as tumors, pulmonary or cardiac diseases, high blood pressure, and hereditary history.
Type 1 diabetes occurs in about 10% of the population. “It is about destruction of the pancreas, the organ that manufactures insulin, which we need for the body to carry out its functions. These patients require insulin as a treatment to survive”, explained the professional. Insulin treated patients are more complex when it comes to treatment adequacy, and may have more episodes of hypoglycemia. On the other hand, gestational diabetes is diagnosed during pregnancy and has common risk factors: family history, overweight or obesity, high blood pressure, fetal death, among others.
“In 70% of cases, the disease can be prevented by a change in habits,” he added.
simultaneously, Type 2 diabetes, which is seen in 90% of patients, is directly related to hereditary history and common factors with other chronic diseases such as tumors, lung or heart diseases. The professional said that “Type 2 diabetes occurs most frequently and has the greatest impact on the quality of life of patients; Today we know that most people with diabetes die from heart and kidney failure; It is extremely disabling, so not only prevention but also adequate treatment is important.”
In turn, expert Méndez stresses the importance of education and dissemination of the disease, as well as adapted nutrition. ,basic columnProper treatment measures for diabetes, first of all, disease education, not only for the patient but also for their environment; And meal plan, It has to be patient friendly and not restrictive, so that it is just a support. We professionals must emphasize education, so that people are aware of where they are, if they are at risk, know your risk And thus may be able to avoid both the incidence of hypoglycemia and its complications. We must provide the patient with the opportunity to live a life of his choice and to fulfill himself as a person, but always with the responsibility that the disease requires.
Hypoglycemia: symptoms and how to act in case of an incident
in regard of hypoglycemia – blood sugar levels below normal-, the professional indicated that this is a serious situation, as it is a complication that can have serious consequences, even death. “in this situation, The body rapidly activates alerts: palpitations, mouth numbness, sweating, tremors, sensory changes. This is an extreme situation, where it is important to act quickly.,
There are different degrees of hypoglycemia: mild, moderate, and severe, and as it progresses, the person is less likely to be able to notice symptoms and take action, It is important that the person is aware of his condition, his environment is aware of it, so that he can be helped effectively.
it is fundamental In the event of an episode of hypoglycemiaperson consumes simple sugars which rapidly raise the level in the blood (a normal soda, fruit juice that contains sugar, etc.) to recover quickly and be able to eat. Severe cases require hospitalization; Sugar is given intravenously.