Respiratory diseases may increase due to climate change

from Governor Boyaca

Monday 14 August 2023

Photo: Boyaca Sarkar

It is necessary to intensify and strengthen actions for the comprehensive care and control of acute respiratory infections.

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The Boyaca Health Secretariat has called on all workers in the health system to intensify control strategies for Acute Respiratory Illness – ERA, in order to prevent its increase in the department.

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a group of diseases of the respiratory system, caused by various microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria, that begin suddenly and last less than two weeks.

The behavior of acute respiratory infections according to the Epidemiological Bulletin No. 30 generated by the Public Health Surveillance Team of the Ministry of Health of Boyaca, according to Ludi López Diaz, reference of the IRA and EDA program of the Boyaca Health Secretariat, reports Notification for this Epidemiological Week , 2,859 cases of ARI in outpatient clinics and emergencies, evidenced by an increase in cases compared to the previous week. So far this year, 91,597 cases of ARI have been notified.

They noted that the age of the most affected population is found in the preschool group, which presented the highest proportion with 12.2% ARI, followed by infants with 11.7% and a lower proportion in older adults with 1.7%. is the group.

Boyaca has reported 75.8 cases of ARI per 1,000 inhabitants this week, noting that the municipalities of Quebara, Monqueira, Iza, Papa, Sota, Tunja, Guatec, San Mateo, Duitama, Socha, Samaca, Chiquinquira, Sogamoso, Toca , Bovita and Chita, respectively, have higher occurrences for the department in that order.

The referrer made some recommendations to reduce or avoid this type of disease, as it is necessary that the municipal administration, headed by secretaries or local health directors, have clear methods with health benefit plan administration companies (EAPB) and provider institutions. work from Health Services (IPS) strengthen the management of acute respiratory diseases – ERA through vigorous actions to reduce the impact of these infections in communities, especially children and the elderly.

Given the current climatic conditions and the low temperatures recorded, it is necessary to instruct the population so that, prudently, they adopt the necessary measures for the prevention and control of this disease, in general, to avoid contact with people with flu. frequent hand washing with plenty of soap and water, when in closed places with crowds of people, health institutions and other high-risk places, proper use of face masks, ventilate the house, avoid contact with smokers, Eat proper nutrition, stimulate breast milk; In addition, the overall vaccination schedule takes into account the importance of influenza vaccine in the following populations: girls and boys 6 to 23 months of age, people over 60 years of age, pregnant at 14 weeks of pregnancy Women and immunosuppressed people, patients with chronic conditions.

According to the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, in children under the age of 5, the virus is the cause of infection in 95% of cases, with a good prognosis, but a small percentage may suffer from complications such as otitis, sinusitis, and pneumonia. Therefore, it is necessary to point out the alarm signals that we as parents or caregivers should take timely action in the presence of the disease and go to the Institutes of Health Service Providers (IPS) if necessary.

He assures that it is important to look out for warning signs in children such as: increased respiratory rate or rapid breathing, if his ribs sink in when he breathes, if he makes strange sounds when he breathes or “his Wheezing in the chest, does not want to eat or drink and vomits everything, fever, which does not subside with medication, irritability, weakness and drowsiness, seizures or convulsions.

and wheezing or difficulty breathing (or even a feeling of difficulty breathing), chest pain on breathing or coughing, weakness or extreme tiredness, fever over 38.5°C, and in school-age children, adolescents and adults for more than two days.

Most of these infections, such as the common cold, are mild, but depending on the general condition of the person, they can become complicated and even life-threatening, as in the case of pneumonia.

For this reason, we invite all listeners to heed these recommendations and avoid complications in our communities, as well as foster places with healthy emotional environments for girls, boys, older adults, and families in general. Also remember about, which strengthens immunity. arrangement of our homes.

Source: Sandra Yamile Peña Solar -Press Ministry of Health-(UACP).

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