Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in the intestine and improve the general health of the organism, bringing benefits such as strengthening the immune system, facilitating digestion and the absorption of nutrients.
Specifically, probiotics are live microorganisms that in the right amounts provide great benefits, since they also prevent infectious and inflammatory diseases, such as diarrhea, allergies, ulcers and bronchitis, among others, according to the portal specialized in health, Tua Saude.
The National Institutes of Health notes that these act primarily in the digestive tract, where they can affect the gut microbiome. This microbiome is made up of many microorganisms (mostly bacteria) that live primarily in the large intestine.
When a person consumes enough probiotics, they will help protect the digestive tract from harmful microorganisms, improve digestion and bowel function, and may also provide other health benefits.
Foods that contain probiotics
- It is a culinary preparation that is made through the fermentation of fresh cabbage or cabbage leaves.
Oriental soy-based products, legumes and vegetables
- Like Miso, Natto, Kimchi and Tempeh which can be bought at specialty stores.
- Preparation of cucumbers in water and salt, left to ferment for a while.
Sourdough or natural yeast
- It is a live culture composed of yeasts and bacteria that are produced through the fermentation of cereals such as wheat and microorganisms that are naturally found in the environment, being used to make various products such as bread, cakes and cookies.
- Cabrales and Roquefort may contain live cultures of microorganisms with probiotic properties. (It is important to read the nutritional labeling to confirm whether or not that type of cheese contains these bacteria).
- These are the main and easiest source of probiotics on the market today.
- It is a fermented product with yeast and bacteria, similar to yogurt, but has a higher amount of probiotics.
- They are special products that generally contain Lactobacillus added by the industry, Yakult being the most famous.
- Last but not least, this fermented drink is made mainly from black tea.
Recommendation: consult with the treating physician for a better intake of probiotics, depending on each organism.
Benefits of probiotics.
The main benefits of probiotics according to the Quirón Salud Clinic are:
- Help digest lactose, especially in people with intolerance to this component.
- Prevent problems such as obesity, high cholesterol and hypertension.
- Prevent allergies and food intolerances.
- Help improve mood, since a direct relationship has been found between the balance of intestinal flora with a decrease in diseases such as depression and anxiety.
- A healthy intestinal flora rich in probiotics begins to form from birth, especially when the baby is born by normal delivery and when he is exclusively breastfed during the beginning of life.
- Probiotics help fight constipation and diarrhea, regulating intestinal transit.
- Fight and prevent intestinal diseases such as colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease and intestinal inflammation.
- Fight diseases such as cancer, candidiasis, hemorrhoids and urinary infection.
- Improve digestion and combat acidity.
- Increase the absorption of nutrients, such as B vitamins, calcium and iron.
- Strengthen the immune system, by increasing the production of macrophages, defense cells of the body.
- Prevent the proliferation of bad bacteria in the intestine.