Behind the X Summit of North American Leaders (CLAN), the presidents Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) and their counterparts, Joe Biden from the United States and Justin Trudeau of Canada agreed on six main aspects to work together.
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As part of the trilateral meeting on January 10, the leaders decided to strengthen the security, prosperity, sustainability and the integration of the region in 6 pillarshighlighting that in addition to sharing history, they seek to create opportunities in favor of the inhabitants of each country.
In this way, the six pillars that summarize the talks of the CLAN to work and advance together were the following:
Diversity, equity and inclusion
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In the joint declaration of the three countries it was indicated that in this aspect they will focus on providing marginalized communities participation opportunities. “To further these goals (the leaders) reiterated their joint commitment to protect civil rights, promote racial justice, expand protection for LGBTIQ+ people.”
Also, in association with Indigenous villages They will seek to promote “innovative and sustainable solutions that honor traditional knowledge”, promote growth in each nation of those who are part of the sector, especially women and girls.
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Climate change and environment
The three countries recognized that there is a climate crisis that must be faced with rapid and coordinated measures, which includes each contributing at the national level towards 2030 under the Paris Agreement.
The actions include working in coordination with other countries, so that a temperature limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius is maintained. ” To promote acceptance of ambitious emissions cuts, we will come together to align approaches to estimating the social cost of Emissions of greenhouse gases”, they indicated.
Among the actions is the possibility of developing hydrogen as a regional source of clean energy, as well as speed up the energy transition through clean energy solutions, adoption of ceo emission vehicles and the transition of clean fuels.
On this item, they will seek to attract investment in the region to promote innovation and “strengthen the resilience of our economies”, taking full advantage of the Treaty between Mexico, the United States and Canada (USMCA). The markets they seek to attract are semiconductors, electric vehicle batteries and their infrastructure.
“To promote the regional competitiveness, the three countries will seek to forge stronger regional supply chains as well as promote targeted investment in key industries of the future.”
They promised to consider the trilateral approaches to “promote sustainable opportunities and inclusive jobs”. Added to this, they committed to review and map the existing and potential reserves of mineral resources.
migration and development
This is one of the aspects that they gave the most importance to. The three nations assumed the commitments of the Los Angeles Declarationparticularly with regard to regular migration pathways, including work to boost labor mobility in the region.
This includes helping host communities and promoting the integration of migrants and refugees; provide protection to refugees, asylum seekers and vulnerable migrants; strengthen the asylum capacity in the region; expand regular migration and protection pathways; address the root causes and impacts of irregular migration and forced displacement; and collaborate for counter xenophobia as well as discrimination against migrants and refugees.
Among all these, it would be of main interest to identify and treat the causes that are originating irregular migration and “create conditions to improve the quality of life.”
They will seek to make an updated version of the North American Plan for Pandemic and Animal Influenza (NAPAPI) to improve prevention, preparation, agility and provide a rapid response to health emergencies in the region, this after the experience left by the COVID-19 pandemic, for which actions against various diseases will be strengthened, taking into account the health system of each nation.
Mexico, the United States and Canada seek to strengthen the continent’s security against domestic, regional and global threats, which will also include cyber threats. All these will be under the “respect for human rights and the rule of law.”
Actions will be added to stop illegal actions and crimes at the borders, such as money laundering, child sexual exploitation, human trafficking and arms trafficking. Regarding drug trafficking, they will seek broader international collaboration and reinforcing the trilateral work on the use and production of narcotics in any of the three countries.
On the other hand, strengthen public health on prevention, harm reduction, treatment and recovery of people who are using drugs.
Regarding the natural hazards and disasterswill work on training and best practices on these events to reduce the possibility of risks, while recognizing the differentiated impact that the disasters has on women and girls, so it will integrate a gender perspective in this case.
Commitment to the future
Finally, in the joint communiqué closing the Summit, they stressed that the commitments are based on a shared vision of “a North America more equitable, just, inclusive, resilient, secure and prosperousas well as a shared responsibility to obtain more equitable results that respond to the needs and aspirations of our citizens”.
The leaders of the three countries agreed that as the commitments are implemented they will seek to model a “democratic and sustainable path, based on trust, to promote inclusive prosperity and security.”
The next summit between Mexico, the United States and Canada, where they will also review the progress and the host country will be Canada.