These trigger cases of osteoarthritis after the age of 30

osteoarthritisThe most common form of arthritis, affecting approximately 15 percent of population World over 30 years old, According to WHO, this disease is the main cause of Chronic pain and long-term disability in adults, is often diagnosed after age 40, but is increasingly being diagnosed in people who don’t reach that age. According to a study published in The Lancet, it is expected that the number of cases Reach Arab in a year 2050,

every time Are Ahead young men who participate in counseling osteoarthritis, Dr. Francisco Castro Dominguez, Spokesperson Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) and head of the rheumatology service section at the Teknon Medical Center, explain in statements to that this is, first of all, due to the fact that ” accessibility But diagnostic equipment And the quality of records of osteoarthritis patients has improved much improved In recent years that allows diagnose firsttoo much more correct And give accurate details of these diagnoses. plays an important role in Increase in cases of osteoarthritis Are counted among the young patients”.

“Today’s population is more aware than ever before and seeks prompt medical attention when joint damage occurs,” says the doctor.

Dr. Castro points out another factorThere is a lot of positive in this matter, like Reason of increase in cases: “Fortunately, today, our society has a more awareness of its existence Disease and the risk factors that trigger it. The main risk factors for suffering from osteoarthritis in young people can be said to be Sports injuries Such as a rupture of a ligament or meniscus.”

Experts say that the expansion of sports practice is connected to a increase in sports injuries When this play is done without adequate supervision, or beyond each individual’s capabilities. “This call post-traumatic osteoarthritis Develops after joint injury pathological changes which are usually obvious 10 years after injury“, says the doctor.

early osteoarthritis it’s such a disease it impacts To the many people who have dedicated themselves specific game, “Another important factor is that today’s population is more aware of this condition than ever before and seeks prompt medical attention when joint damage occurs,” Dr. Castro highlighted.

Compared to non-obese people, the risk of suffering from osteoarthritis in obese people is 4 times higher in women and about 5 times higher in men.

He overweight And obesity, as Dr. Castro points out, is “the second” very important risk factors For the early development of osteoarthritis in young people, it is known today metabolic phenotype And that affects both Joint Of Burden like joints without weight, It is calculated that risk To suffer osteoarthritis In fat people is in relation to non-obese 4 times more in women and 4.8 times more in men.

statistics Patients suffering from osteoarthritis will continue to be diagnosed IncreasingAs Dr. Castro explains “because of.” population aging, something that is the success of our lifestyle and our health system; as well as increasing obesity rates, an issue that has yet to be addressed; And because osteoarthritis is being diagnosed every day earlier in developed countries Citizens want to maintain active lives, without painAnd because each year it is calculated with greater accuracy.

In developing countries every time there is greater reach For basic diagnostic tools and logs reliable dataAccording to the expert, this is the reason why its spread will increase rapidly in these areas also. underdiagnosis that there was So far,

The prevalence of osteoarthritis in one or more places in Spain is about 30%

even though osteoarthritis or osteoarthritis lasts longer Most prevalent joint disease in the worldwith 595 million affected In 2020, and which causes the most disability and economic costs in the world, “the epidemiology of osteoarthritis is, let’s say, like an iceberg, still for now We see only the part that emergesAnd the submergence is probably very high, so as soon as we figure it out, the numbers will skyrocket,” Dr. Castro predicts.

spain is one of more detailed study And reliable To World level On the prevalence of osteoarthritis, EPISER 2016, which is a reality, courtesy of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology.

This study shows that Prevalence of osteoarthritis in Spain It was 29.35% in one or more of the locations studied. In particular, the prevalence of osteoarthritis Hand Was 7.73%. prevalence of cervical osteoarthritis was 10.10% and lumbar osteoarthritis Of 15.52%. prevalence of hip arthrosis was 5.13% and that osteoarthritis of the knee 13.83%; These are associated with female sex, overweight and obesity, lower frequency with higher levels of education, and age.

“Not all osteoarthritis is the same, nor do they have the same triggers or risk factors,” the doctor highlights.

“The main modifiable risk factors are repetitive stroke or due to sports injuries and overweight or obesity,” says Dr. Castro. “There are other risk factors that people cannot control such as age, female gender (as this affects women more after menopause), genetics, and biomechanical changes due to changes in the shape and alignment of joints.”

According to Dr. Castro, osteoarthritis treatment This largely depends on the sub-type (phenotype/endotype) of the disease afflicted. ,Not all osteoarthritis is the samenor do they have the same drives, neither are risk factors, nor do they have equal importance in the etiopathogenesis and development of each subtype of disease. We go on, and every year we get closer, towards the approach precision medicineIn which accurate diagnosis is the key to predicting the prognosis and answer Of every patient till various treatments, Many times a single treatment approach is not enough. Common treatments usually include non-pharmacological measures such as physiotherapy, oral medicinal treatments, intra-articular treatments, which come in different types, and sometimes, orthoses to correct biomechanics or artificial implant surgery. Are.

between Preventive Measures It is recommended by experts to control population Keep with body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 25avoid trauma or avoidable injuries And don’t put yourself at uncontrolled risk for them strengthen body muscles In general, under the supervision of a coach. Specifically, for knee osteoarthritis, doctors recommend strengthening the quadriceps and hamstrings.

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