with feline calicivirus (FCV), feline herpesvirus (FHV) and chlamydia felisAre Common and Highly Contagious Oral Infectious Agents in Cats, and is the leading cause of upper respiratory tract diseases in cats. However, little is known about its incidence in domestic cat populations and the risk factors for its oral transmission.
A recently published study evaluated the prevalence and risk factors of common respiratory pathogens in cats using buccal swabs collected from cats. 430 cats registered,
Three main pathogens of the upper respiratory tract detected in the cats sampled 13.3% of cats are positive for FCV2.1% positive and 1.2% positive for FHV C.felis, The prevalence of each pathogen was lower than in previous studies, which may be a more representative reflection of the cat population studied (primarily a general population of domestic cats in the juvenile life stage).
cats of Purebreds were more likely to carry FCV. Compared to hybrid cats, as well as to cats with current or historical clinical signs of upper respiratory tract disease. It was also found that at 12 months the whole animal and Living in a multi-cat household was a risk factor for FCV.,
As the authors explained, “This study supports There is a current need to vaccinate cats against these highly infectious agents., It is also important to take into account background population prevalence when examining and treating cats with upper respiratory diseases; For example, calicivirus would be the prime suspect, but finding it may not lead to a definitive diagnosis.
On the other hand, most cats FHV or C.felis He also tested positive for FCV, Therefore, they note that veterinarians should test for FCV in any cat suspected of having FCV infection. C.felis or VHF based on clinical symptoms (eg, conjunctivitis or ulcers). When it is necessary to hospitalize cats, “it is important Use disinfectants that have activity against FCV“Particularly in cats with a history of upper respiratory tract disease.”