What is gonorrhea and how is it spread? Symptoms and treatment

Although for years doctors and health experts have warned about the risks of not taking care of yourself when having sex, which can lead to increased numbers of infections sexually transmitted diseases persistn, The above causes an additional concern and that is that the diseases become resistant to antibiotics and eventually become epidemic types.

One disease that is rarely talked about, but that looks like it will take a long time to be brought under control around the world, is gonorrhea. According to the World Health Organization, it is estimated that in the year alone There were 82.4 million in 2020 New infections of gonorrhea in adults worldwide.

Let’s remember that 2020 was the year in which the coronavirus pandemic began, so the high number of cases is worrying at a time when social interaction was reduced.

On the other hand, continued concern about this disease is related to the transmission of gonorrhea in children, because it Can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy. Also the possibility of this infection also increases. People have HIV and they spread it.

What is gonorrhea?

This sexually transmitted disease is described by the CDC as most likely to occur in young people. “Gonorrhea is an STD that can cause infections of the genitals, rectum and throat. “It is very common, especially among youth aged 15 to 24.”

What are the symptoms of gonorrhea?

The Pan American Health Organization points out that symptoms can vary, and sometimes they are not present or are not detected by people. “Many people with gonorrhea do not have symptoms, so only less than half of infected women show non-specific symptoms. “If symptoms do appear, they can take various forms.”

In women:

  • They may notice irregular vaginal discharge
  • pain while urinating
  • discomfort in the lower abdomen
  • Vaginal bleeding after intercourse or between periods.

among men

  • They may have pain while urinating
  • discharge from penis
  • Pain or swelling in the testicles.

However, PAHO indicated that pain or discharge in the rectum or anus may occur in men and women. But, in addition, there may be an infection in the pharynx that is usually asymptomatic. In addition, mild pharyngitis or swelling of the back of the throat may occur.

How do people get gonorrhea?

The CDC indicated that this strain can occur if you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who already has gonorrhea. Additionally, mothers with gonorrhea can spread the infection to their baby during delivery.

Is there any cure for gonorrhea?

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has clarified that gonorrhea can be cured. However, to overcome this disease, it is important for people to consult a doctor. “With proper treatment, gonorrhea can be cured. It is important to take whatever medicine your healthcare provider gives you to cure the infection.

On the other hand, there is a warning from the CDC not to share medications with people you believe they have the disease before they should be prescribed. “Do not share gonorrhea medicines with anyone. “Even if they stop the infection, they still won’t be able to repair any permanent damage caused by the infection.”

Although there is a treatment, the CDC states that the disease is becoming resistant to drugs. It deals with the inappropriate use of drugs by global citizens. “Some cases of gonorrhea are becoming more difficult to treat, as drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are increasing. If you continue to have symptoms after receiving treatment for a few days, see a health care provider.”

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