The Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI) describes it as vaginitis As one of the most frequent gynecological problems during childhood and adolescence, although it is also diagnosed in adult women. In fact, more than 25% of patients who visit the doctor for gynecological problems suffer from this condition.
This group of professionals ensures thatAbout 90% of women suffer from some form of vaginitis throughout their livesTherefore it is important to be informed about this situation to be able to quickly detect it and resolve it.
What is vaginitis?
vaginitis This is inflammation of the vagina which usually manifests itself itching, abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain, As explained by the Mayo Clinic Hospital in the United States, the cause is usually Change in the balance of bacteria or infection in the vagina.
As we mentioned in the beginning, vaginitis is very common in girls of any age. Its occurrence is more common during pre-puberty. However, there are conditions in adult women that can promote this swelling of the genitals, such as low estrogen levels. after menopause Anything else skin disorders.
The most common types of vaginitis are Bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis.
Bacterial vaginosis is a condition It occurs when there is an overgrowth of bacteria normally found in the vagina., The vagina is a delicate and balanced environment that is home to a variety of beneficial bacteria. However, when this balance is disturbed, it can lead to bacterial vaginosis.
Symptoms of bacterial vaginosis may include: Brown vaginal discharge, strong fishy odor and itching. However, some women may not have any symptoms at all.
Although it is not known exactly why some women develop bacterial vaginosis, it is thought that factors such as: Use of antibiotics, douching and multiple sexual practices may increase the risk., Importantly, this condition is not considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), as it is not associated with a single pathogenic bacteria.
Vaginal candidiasis is a condition Caused by a fungus called “Candida albicans” Which is generally found in small quantities in the vagina. When this fungus gets out of control, it can cause infection.
Common symptoms of vaginal yeast infection include Severe itching in the vagina and vulva, thick, cottage cheese-like white vaginal discharge, and redness of the vagina.
Factors that increase the risk of developing vaginal yeast infections include Use of antibiotics, pregnancy, stress, diabetes and weak immune system,
trichomoniasis It is an STI caused by a parasite called “Trichomonas vaginalis”. This condition can affect both men and women, but its symptoms are more pronounced in them.
Symptoms of trichomoniasis may include Vaginal itching, burning sensation while urinating, green or yellow vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, and discomfort during intercourse.
As we have said, trichomoniasis is mainly spread through unprotected sex with an infected person. You cannot get infected with trichomoniasis by hugging, kissing, or sharing objects.
treatment and prevention
SEMI reminds that at the slightest symptom of vaginitis, it is important to go to your gynecologist to immediately diagnose and treat it. can be treated with taking antibiotics, using intimate creams or gels, or vaginal medications, In any case, it should be a doctor who prescribes the ideal treatment for your case of vaginitis.
On the other hand, it is important to prevent vaginitis with the following hygiene guidelines,
- Avoid vaginal douches and intimate deodorantsBecause they can alter the natural balance of the vagina, destroying beneficial bacteria and increasing the risk of infection.
- use condoms Have sex whenever you want to avoid vaginitis and any sexually transmitted infections.
- Avoid synthetic and very tight clothingBecause it can retain moisture and heat and create a favorable environment for the growth of bacteria and fungi.
- wear cotton underwearBecause it is a breathable material that absorbs moisture and allows air to circulate.
- Avoid using scented soap Or offensive to your intimate hygiene.
- Maintain a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle, Eating healthy foods, exercising regularly, and getting enough sleep can strengthen the immune system, which helps prevent infections.