with the advent of Cold weather related diseases are common For the respiratory system, such as flu, but there are others, which, if not treated in time, can seriously harm health, such as Pneumonia.
Unfortunately, there are people who lose their lives due to pneumonia, a disease that mainly affects the lungs. Here we tell you everything you need to know about it The condition and its symptoms.
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What is pneumonia and how is it spread?
Pneumonia is a common respiratory disease that affects the lungs. This happens when the tiny air sacs in the lungs, called alveoli, They fill with fluid and become swollen. This hinders the body’s ability to absorb oxygen, which can lead to serious symptoms.
The main cause of pneumonia is infection, and it can be caused by a variety of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The most common cause of pneumonia in humans is bacteria. between The most common bacteria that cause pneumonia are streptococcus. Pneumonia and Haemophilus influenzae.
Pneumonia is highly contagious and spreads from person to person through respiratory droplets released when an infected person coughs or sneezes. You can also get it from touching contaminated surfaces and then touching your face, mouth, or nose.
Risk factors for getting pneumonia include Weak immune system, exposure to tobacco smoke, increasing age and the presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
Symptoms of pneumonia can vary in severity and may present differently in each person. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- High fever: Fever is a common symptom of pneumonia and may also be accompanied by chills.
- Cough: Cough is often dry initially, but as the disease progresses it may produce green, yellow, or bloody mucus.
- Difficulty breathing: Inflammation of the lungs makes it difficult to breathe normally, which can lead to rapid, shallow breathing.
- Chest pain: Some people experience chest pain when they cough or take a deep breath due to inflammation of the lungs.
- Fatigue: Pneumonia can cause general weakness.
- Confusion: In severe cases, lack of oxygen in the body can lead to confusion and disorientation.
- Nausea and vomiting: Some people may experience nausea and vomiting as a result of pneumonia.
It is important to shed light on that Pneumonia may be more serious in older people, young children And people with weak immune systems.
When is World Pneumonia Day and why is it celebrated?
world pneumonia day It is celebrated every year on 12 November. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness On the importance of prevention and treatment of pneumonia, which is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, especially in children under five years of age.
Pneumonia affects people of all ages and in all parts of the world. Despite being a preventable and treatable disease, millions of people die from pneumonia every year.
celebration of this day Its purpose is to inform and provide information to people about the dangers of pneumonia On disease prevention, early diagnosis and effective treatment.