Circulatory pathologies cause a quarter of deaths every year

Every year it’s the same. statistics are stubborn and saves pathologies of the blood circulation and heart as the main cause of death from Burgos. Calls a quarter of deaths annually and in absolute terms, without exception, exceeds a thousand from year to year.

The last record released by INE dates back to 2022, when The number of deaths from diseases of this type has reached 1,101.almost identical data for the last five years: a maximum of 1,125 in 2020 and a minimum of 1,097. The total of this period is 5,540 deaths from this cause, representing 26% of the total of 21,056, an increase of one point in proportion compared to the 4,349 accumulated in 2022.

Nevertheless, The set of ailments leading to such figures is diverse.. Although most are grouped under the diffuse heading of “Other heart diseases,” which accounted for 215 deaths in 2022, there are two specific causes that stand out for their strong impact: cerebrovascular pathologieswhich includes strokes, which accounted for 207 deaths in the year under review (a fifth of cases involving the circulatory system and almost 5% of total deaths in the province), and heart failure, with a balance of 209 deaths. During the same period acute myocardial infarction It was fatal for 128 people and up to 152 died from hypertonic disease. The number of deaths also exceeded one hundred ischemic diseases hearts (123).

There are differences by gender depending on the pathologies. So, In 2022, more women than men died from causes related to high blood pressure in Burgos., heart failure and cerebrovascular accidents, and in all cases the distance is noticeable. Against, The number of heart attack victims among men is almost double the number of heart attack victims among women.

As reflected in national statistics, diseases of the circulatory system are also leading, The second leading cause of death in Burgos is malignant tumors.. Another quarter of all deaths are associated with them. In particular, in 2022, 1031 out of 4349. The proportion is also maintained from year to year, and the data Always about a thousand, although sometimes it falls short.. In total, over the past five years, 4,997 deaths have been recorded for this reason, which is 23% of the global figure.

in detail, cancer of the lungs, trachea and bronchial tubes are the most deadly: 177 people died over the past year, data on this is publicly available. followed by colonswith 106. In both cases, mortality is higher in men: 130 compared with 47 in women for tumors of the respiratory zone and 70 compared with 36 in the second prominent type.

The rest of the 32 listed have fewer than a hundred deaths. 73 deaths were due to tumor pancreaswhile mother It ranks fourth with 64 victims, all women. In this particular case, there is an increase compared to the previous three years, when the figure was close to 50.

Breast cancer completes the sad list in terms of impact. stomach (61), liver and bile ducts (57), prostate (56), bladder (55), rectum (45) and lymphatic tissue (42).

The causes of the remaining 50% of annual deaths in the province are distributed unevenly across different types of conditions and external causes. Among the first infectious diseases They finish the list (yes, with a big lead over the first two, already broken) with 392 deaths. In this section The coronavirus outbreak played a decisive role. And in previous years, only 52 and 67 deaths were recorded. This was the case in 2018 and 2019, respectively. In 2020, the first year of the Covid-19 era, this figure rose to almost a thousand and later consolidated around 400: 386 and 392 in 2021 and 2022 to be precise.

Thus he surpassed mental disorders, mainly of an senile naturewith 216 deaths in 2022, and digestive pathologies causing a total of 245 deaths.

Regarding accidental death, drowning and suffocation They accounted for 65 out of 222. falls caused 39 deaths and road accidents, 34. This figure has registered a significant increase over three years (including 2019, so the impact of the pandemic is relative) before reaching twenty years. He accidental poisoning with the help of psychotropic drugs he claimed eleven lives.

A man stretches using one of Espoloncillo’s trees.Thomas Alonso

More cases of risk due to bad habits

Breaking down the numbers It is worth understanding the main reasons the deaths of the inhabitants of Burgos – the same ones, it should be noted, who dominate the entire Spanish society – to analyze whether they can be stopped.

Having circulatory and cardiac origin, it corresponds to the Cardiology Service of the University Hospital of Burgos shed some light on this. His manager Jesus Ignacio Dominguez Calvo states that a good portion of ailments that lead to deadly problems “their occurrence can be prevented or delayed”. How? “With a healthy lifestyle and truly healthy eating”. Details: “This means eat everything and avoid processed foods” Moreover, maintaining a healthy lifestyle involves “doing physical activity, which is not necessarily involved in sports. “You can go to work, climb the stairs at home… It’s also very important to control other risk factors, such as tobacco use or alcohol consumption.. You should avoid all these toxic habits. In addition, it is necessary control blood pressure, cholesterol, lipids and glycemiain patients with diabetes,” says Dominguez, who is convinced that with these recommendations “many cases can be avoided.”

Now all that remains is for the message to get through, which according to the data is not happening. In addition to mortality statistics, this is confirmed by the activity of consultations. Progressive aging of the population has an impact “obviously”, but risk cases are generally increasing “due to a lack of healthy habits”, the cardiologist concludes. “It’s amazing how little middle-aged people take care of themselves. There are many young people between the ages of 30 and 50 with toxic habits like those mentioned who smoke and drink a lot and this takes a toll in the short and long term. The sooner you start suffering, the longer you will drag it out.”Add.

One of lime and one of sand. Faced with social stubbornness to ignore recommendations that all experts agree on, science is confidently moving forward in the fight against disease. “Fortunately treatment has come a long way. Both pharmacological and medical care have improved during admissions or interventions – coronary processes or angioplasty,” he emphasizes, specifying that, for example, in Burgos for many years there has been a 24-hour response to acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction because the artery completely blocked. Also actions against degenerative processes have been significantly improvedsuch as aortic stenosis, and treatment of arrhythmias, “which includes not only the implantation of pacemakers and defibrillators, but also electrophysiological studies and ablation of arrhythmias, which in many cases are curative.”

In this area, research is needed to stimulate these improvements. It’s done and “there’s a lot of research going on.” Yes indeed “we would like to do more” because “it’s never enough.”

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button