Covid or allergies? These are the key symptoms by which they can be differentiated.

Covid-19 is still present in our country and is evolving. According to the latest data from Acute Respiratory Infection Surveillance System of the Carlos III Health Institutefor the last month The incidence of coronavirus increased from 7.7 to 27.8 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants in primary health care, while in hospitals it is 1.86 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants..

The positivity rate in Spain is currently stands at 6.5%, meaning that for every 100 rapid detection tests performedsix to seven people have tested positive for covid-19. These data confirm that the coronavirus is not seasonal, but depends on the volume of social interactions.

Covid and seasonal allergies can have similar symptoms, so we might confuse them. In this sense, in addition to the symptoms, it is also necessary to take into account the causes. Although Covid-19 is caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, spring allergies are caused by an allergen, which is a substance that can cause a hypersensitivity reaction in people previously exposed to it.

It is also important to consider the duration of symptoms caused by allergies and covid. In case of allergies, The allergen is not constantly present in the environment, so the symptoms of an allergy sufferer appear temporarily. (especially sooner or later). However, With Covid, the virus persists throughout the day, as do its symptoms.

Three key symptoms that can distinguish Covid from allergies

Similar symptoms in both cases: nasal congestion and runny nose, general fatigue, cough and sore throat, as well as headache and sneezing.. However, There are three key diseases that will allow us to differentiate them.. Thomas Chivato, vice-president of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, explains that Covid causes fever, throat discomfort when swallowing and loss of smell with a sensation of a metallic odor. In turn, professor of medicine Maria José Torres points out that a patient with allergies usually does not have fever or muscle pain. In turn, allergist Lola Hernandez notes: “If an allergy sufferer takes antihistamines, they may also get tired,” so she always recommends doing a self-diagnosis test for antigens or contacting a specialist.

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