What was the first electric car in history?

Edison’s improvements to batteries marked a change before and since in the autonomy and efficiency of electric vehicles. (BBVA)

Determining exactly what the first electric car was is difficult and somewhat unfair, given that several early attempts were made in the 19th century. For example, Anjos Jedlik In 1828, he presented a prototype powered by an electric motor.

In 1834, a blacksmith Thomas Davenport He also designed a vehicle that moved using electricity, although its movement was limited by an electrical circuit.

In the same year, a Dutch professor Sibrandus Strating Near Christopher Becker They developed another model that runs on electrical cells that cannot be recharged. Although there have been many pioneers in the development of the electric car, the Scot is widely known. Robert Andersonbetween 1832 and 1839, as one of the predecessors.

He created a prototype that was essentially a carriage of the day, powered by non-rechargeable electric batteries. This invention made use of the knowledge accumulated by early researchers in this field.

Despite many pioneers, history recognizes Robert Anderson as one of the earliest innovators in the creation of electric vehicles. (BBVA)

Later, with the development of battery technology, the French Gustave Trouvé presented a three-wheeled electric car at the Paris International Exhibition in 1881, demonstrating the progress made to that point.

It is important to note that in 1880, a year before the performance TruveThe first batteries were invented, which contributed to the creation of more efficient and environmentally friendly cars.

A striking example of such progress was the car “Jamet Content“, which in 1899 set a significant record in the history of motorsport, reaching a speed of 105 km/h – a figure unimaginable at that time.

After the first experimental models appeared on the scene, electric cars began to appear on the streets, especially among people with more resources, while people with less purchasing power moved on horseback.

By breaking records in 1899, La Jamais Contente demonstrated the speed potential of electric vehicles. (BBVA)

With the advent of the 20th century, Thomas Edison succeeded in improving rechargeable nickel-iron batteries, expanding the range of electric vehicles, which reached a speed of 130 km/h, considered a high speed at that time.

However, with the explosive growth of the oil industry since the 1920s, owning an electric car became a luxury compared to internal combustion engine cars, which offered lower running costs.

Currently, due to concerns about climate change, there is renewed interest in electric vehicles, which, in addition to having a lower environmental impact, offer advances in technology and connectivity, representing an alternative more in line with modern environmental consciousness.

IN New Zealand has developed an alternative that could reduce dependence on traditional batteries for electric vehicles by creating synthetic graphite from wood chips.

CarbonScape uses wood to create batteries for electric vehicles. (CarbonScape)

Through a process called pyrolysis, CarbonScape converts waste from the wood industry, such as bark and other smaller fragments, into “biochar”a carbon-rich material that is then converted into the more stable base form of graphite, the company said.

In an interview with The Wall Street Journal, the company’s CEO said: Ivan Williamsassured that “the mission is to decarbonize the food industry electric vehicles” The head noted that the technology can be used to use wood waste as raw materials.

In addition, this may serve as an alternative to accessing new chains stocks as the market is currently largely dominated by China, at least in this sector industry where are batteries for this type made? cars.

On the other hand, the fact that this new type of battery uses treated wood As a core component of the manufacturing process, it allows us to stop focusing on metals that are typically extracted from mines in highly polluting processes such as lithium, iron And phosphate.

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